Keris is a stabbing weapon asymmetric double-edged forms that come from Java. From the place of origin, a dagger and then spread to the island of Bali, Lombok, Kalimantan, and even down to Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, and Mindanao in the Philippines. From just a stabbing weapon, a dagger and then evolved into a symbol of social status and a symbol of virility / power for its owner.
The form is distinctive and easily distinguished from other sharp weapons because it is not symmetrical at the base of the blade, often tortuous dilated, and many of them have the prestige (Damascus), the stroke on a piece of bright metal blade. Piercing type weapon that has similarities with the dagger dagger. In the past, Kris serves as a weapon in a duel / war, as well as offering a complementary object. In contemporary usage, a dagger over the body accessory (ageman) in clothes, has a number of cultural symbols, or a collection of objects assessed in terms of aesthetics.
Basic metal used in making kris there are two types of metals ferrous metals and steel prestige. To make light of the professor always combine the ingredients with other metals. Keris today (nem-Neman, made since the 20th century) often take the prestige of nickel metal. Has keris (keris kuna), which both have the prestige of metal from stone meteorites are known to have a high titanium content, in addition to nickel, cobalt, silver, tin, chromium, antimony, and copper. Stone meteorites Prambanan is the famous meteorite, which has fallen in the enshrinement of the 19th century Prambanan in the complex.
Keris-making varies from one master to another master, but no procedure is usually the same. Here is a short process in accordance with one of the libraries . Blade steel as the base material is heated to diwasuh incandescent or forged and then repeatedly to remove impurities (eg oxides of carbon and various). Once clean, the bar is folded like the letter U for the prestige of the plate material put in it. Crease is then reheated and forged. Once attached and elongated, this mixture of folded and forged back repeatedly. The trick, the strength and position of forging, as well as many folds will affect the prestige that comes later. This process is called saton. The final form of an elongated slab. Slab is then cut into two parts, called kodhokan. A steel plate and then placed between two kodhokan like a sandwich, then tied dipijarkan and forged to unify. Kodhokan end then made slightly elongated to be cut and used marijuana. The next stage is to establish, bengkek pessimistic (gandhik candidates), and finally determine whether berluk or straight blade. Luk-making is done by heating.
The next stage is the manufacture of ornaments (Ricikan) by working on specific parts of using a miser, grinders, and drill, in accordance with dhapur keris will be made. Silak waja done by asking the bar to see the prestige that is formed. Ganja was made to follow the bar down. Adapted to the diameter of the hole size pesi.
The last stage, ie plating, is done so that the metal becomes a metal steel dagger. In the Philippines kris not done this process. Gilding ("olding metals") is done by inserting a knife into the mixture of sulfur, salt, and lime juice (called kamalan). Plating can also be done with kris annealing and then dipped into a liquid (water, salt water, or coconut oil, depending on the experience of the lecturers made). Plating action must be done carefully because if someone can make keris cracking.
In addition to the usual way as a plating on the plating is also known Sepuh licking Keris when Keris smoldering metal collected and licked with the tongue, which is when Sepuh Akep Keris smoldering metal and "dikulum" taken with the lips several times and the Sepuh Saru, when the metal burns Keris taken and clamped to the female genitals (vagina) Sepuh Saru is famous Nyi Sombro, a dagger is not great but adjusted.
Provision of arsenic and fragrance oils are made as a dagger care in general. Keris care in the Javanese tradition done every year, usually in the month of Muharram / Sura, although this is not a requirement. Keris term care is a "bathing" keris, although in fact done is to remove the old fragrance oil and rust on the dagger, usually with liquid acid (the traditional use of coconut milk, crushed the noni fruit, or lemon juice). The knife has been cleaned and then given warangan when necessary to strengthen the prestige, cleaned again, and then given a scented oil to protect the dagger of new rust. This perfume has traditionally been used jasmine oil or sandalwood oil is diluted in coconut oil.